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Major Surnames from LI History
In April, 1790, the
State appropriated œ100 "for the purpose of erecting a bridge across
the East Canada Creek, not exceeding three miles from the mouth
upon the road from the Mohawk River to the Royal Grant." Three years
the Legislature provided for the erection of a bridge over East Canada
"nearly opposite the Canajoharie Castle, on the public road leading
Tribes Hill to the Little Falls;" and another over the West Canada
"on the public road or highway leading from the Little Falls to Fort
A still more important improvement was made through the charter of a
in April, 1800, for the construction of the Mohawk turnpike along the
bank of the river from Schenectady to Utica. The work was done within
next few years, under the direction of Seth Wetmore, a surveyor, who
in Canajoharie in 1836. This road became a part of the great east and
highway from Albany to Buffalo. These means of transportation sufficed
the inhabitants until the construction of the Erie canal in 1825.
Other highways that passed through parts of this county and were of considerable importance to the inhabitants, were the State road, so called because it was constructed by the State through the medium of a lottery, authorized in 1803, to raise $41,500. This road ran from Johnstown through the Black River country to Sackett's Harbor, passing through parts of Manheim, Salisbury, and the towns of Norway and Russia. The road was much used in the early years of the present century.
In 1804 the Fall Hill Turnpike and Bridge Company was incorporated and authorized to build a toll bridge over the Mohawk River at Little Falls, and construct a road from the house of Ira Crane in Minden, Montgomery county, to the Mohawk River, thence along the river to Henry A. Vrooman's in German Flats, and thence to Samuel Abbott's house and Kassler's Mills. The principal object of this road was to avoid climbing the steeps at Fall Hill. The bridge was erected and used many years, but the road was not constructed. (History of Herkimer County, New York)